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Mushidi Kambala Lisa Gender and Asylum Determination in South Africa


South Africa is the only African country with an asylum system where persecution on the grounds of gender is clearly recognised in the Refugee Act of 1998. However, it is unclear whether South African asylum determination officers are aware of that and to what extent this influences their decision-making. Similarly, it is unclear whether asylum seekers in South Africa know that there is a possibility of applying for refugee status on this basis. The study seeks to explore plausible explanations surrounding the issue. By using existing literature and semi-structural interviews with both asylum claimants and DHA officials, I found out that the lack of gender sensitivity from the DHA officials, lack of awareness and the difficulty to talk about their experiences from the side of asylum claimants are central to the problem.

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Advancing Refugee Protection in South Africa


"... a useful resource for practitioners and activists, both in South Africa and elsewhere. It represents a substantive study in an area that has been neglected, particularly in South Africa, and points to the dire need for more research and study." · H-SAfrica"This collection of essays is a significant advance in the field of refugee protection and the law in South Africa, as very little research has been done on this topic. Few authors other than those included in the collection have addressed wider refugee and migration issues in South...a very enlightening resource for both practitioners and academic researchers in South Africa and elsewhere." · African Affairs"This book will provide important background reading for a second generation of researchers to look beyond the establishment of the asylum system to consider the extent to which, over the long term, there is substantial and contextually appropriate asylum policy in South Africa. It is equally useful for those involved in comparative studies of different asylum systems because of the detail that is provided about the internal functioning of the relevant South African government departments." · International Migration & IntegrationDivided into three thematic parts to guide the reader, this important volume documents the development and implementation of refugee policy in South Africa over a 10-year period from 1996 until 2006. In doing so, it addresses issues of detention, gender, children ...

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International Migration and Development in Eastern Southern Africa


The impact of international migration, both South-South as well as South-North, on the economic, social and political life of the people in Eastern and Southern Africa [was] not well documented and studied,- and 'the evidence-base for policy on migration and development [was] very weak.' With this in mind, OSSREA's invitation to conduct a study on international migration in Africa had the following objectives: To analyze the nature and type of South-South migration, focusing on issues, such as brain gain and/or brain drain, remittance flows, technical know-how transfers, violations of the right of African migrants and gender dimensions of migration; To investigate the dynamics of migration from Eastern and Southern Africa to the Arab Gulf States as well as to developed countries, focusing on the skills of migrants, brain gain and/or drain, remittance flows, technical know-how transfers, violations of the rights of African migrants and gender dimension of migrants; and to assess the successes, impediments and challenges of African international migrants from Eastern and Southern Africa and to formulate policy recommendations to maximize the gains and minimize the costs associated with international migration in Africa.

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Ignatius Mabula The Relationship Between the South African Foreign Policy and Millenium Recovery Plan


Essay from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, , course: International Relations, language: English, abstract: The relationship between South Africa and MAP emanates from South Africa's Foreign policy which advanced: Promotion of justice, democracy and human rights as well as prosperity and security achieved through economic development. South Africa's philosophy of African Renaissance directed at rejuvenating and renewing Africa transforms the continent into an arena of peace, security and stability, was blended into MAP. Economically, South Africa's adoption of neo-liberal policies in MAP were encouraged by South Africa's incorporation of neo-liberal visions in MAP and have been influenced by the country's adoption of Growth, Equity and Redistribution (GEAR) in 1996. GEAR became the macro-economic framework for all policies of the government whose aim was to make South Africa the preferred destination for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) as well as allowing the country to occupy a comfortable position in the rapidly globalising world. However, MAP has been grappling with numerous challenges and its dependency underpinning. These challenges include structural, endogenous and exogenous factors which continue to constrain Africa's endeavours.This paper focuses on the relationship between South African foreign policy and MAP. The paper explores foundations and the evolution of South African foreign policy datin...

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Elvis A Masawi Cross-border Migration. Zimbabwe - South Africa Exodus


The tribulations and terrors of the Zimbabwean diaspora seeking economic sanctuary in South Africa.

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Vusumuzi Sibanda African Politics - Featuring Zimbabwe and South Africa As Major Case Studies


This book explores the African landscape in political matters and seeks to understand or help you understand the regression in Africa since independence and explores who is the worst enemy of the African Continent. You had better read this book with living case studies from across Africa especially Zimbabwe and South Africa

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Vusi Gumede Political Economy of Post-apartheid South Africa


The book, made up of three parts, covers a wide spectrum of political economy issues on post-apartheid South Africa. Although the text is mainly descriptive, to explain various areas of the political economy of post-apartheid South Africa, the first and the last parts provide illuminating insights on the kind of society that is emerging during the twenty-one years of democracy in the country. The book discusses important aspects of the political history of apartheid South Africa and the evolution of post-apartheid society, including an important recap of the history of southern Africa before colonialism. The text is a comprehensive description of numerous political economy phenomena since South Africa gained its political independence and covers some important themes that have not been discussed in detail in other publications on post-apartheid South Africa. The book also updates earlier work of the author on policy and law making, land and agriculture, education and training as well as on poverty and inequality in post-apartheid South Africa thereby providing a wide-ranging overview of the socio-economic development approaches followed by the successive post-apartheid administrations. Interestingly, three chapters focus on various aspects of the post-apartheid South African economy: economic policies, economic empowerment and industrial development. Through the lens of the notion of democratic developmental state and taking apartheid colonialism as a point of departure, the ...

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Isabel Ortiz, Loveleen De, Valérie Schmitt Social Protection Floors Volume 3


This volume describes mechanisms to build social protection floors, such as a national dialogue in Myanmar, reaching rural dwellers in South Africa, worker facilitation centres in India, single window services in Mongolia, legal systems in Brazil and South Africa, labour inspection in China, registration in Colombia and Thailand and several innovations in financing social protection in Bolivia, Ecuador, Indonesia and Zambia.The volumes in this ILO series present best country experiences, useful for South-South learning, for practitioners, and to provide the basis for better informed policy-making.

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Good Journal Travel South Africa


This journal is the perfect traveling companion for anyone visiting South Africa. Plan and record all details of your trip, includes lined and blank pages for writing your daily diary and holiday planning, with handy information tailored for travelers. Lists to help you pack, plan and set budgets are included in this journal. The perfect gift for anyone visiting South Africa.

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Harvey C. Chidoba Banda Perspectives of Labour Migration from Mzimba District, Malawi, to South Africa


Labour migration from Malawi to South Africa is a ‘century-old phenomenon’. It dates as far back as the 1880s following the establishment of diamond and gold mines. In the period up to the 1980s, this migration took either formal or informal nature whereas in the post-1990 period it became exclusively informal, popularly known as selufu in Malawi. This book is an attempt to shed light on both forms of migration over time. By using the case of Mzimba, one of the major labour migration districts in Malawi, Perspectives of Labour Migration shows that migration, especially in the post-1990 period, remains a preoccupation of the different categories of both men and women in selected areas in the country. A cross-section of Malawians continue to regard emigration to South Africa as a means to an end: a way of fulfilling their heart-felt and life-time goals at household and societal levels. Because of their distinguished and unparalleled determination, these labour migrants continue to ‘flock’ to South Africa in the midst of such challenges as xenophobia, crime, arrests and deportations. The book advances the argument that Malawian labour migrants are purposive and rational human beings who are ready to overcome these challenges, at times using the most improbable means, for example, through the use of mankhwala gha mwabi (luck medicine).

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Dr. Mark ODoherty Healing South Africa Improving Social Equality, Public Safety and Education in the Republic of


Critical, but also deeply sensitive and humane, this book endeavours to improve public policy in South Africa, so that a positive collective consciousness can be manifested within the country and with the global community.Crime, racial tensions, lack of family planning and extreme poverty are also examined in this study; the author offering suggestions how to overcome these challenges; on a social, political, spiritual and psychological level.Highly innovative and profound, this book explores cutting edge social scientific and ethical approaches to improve human rights, social equality, public safety and education in South Africa.

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John Campbell Travels in South Africa. Vol. 2


Полный вариант заголовка: «Travels in South Africa : Vol. 2 : undertaken at the request of the London Missionary Society : being a narrative of a second journey in the interior of that country : with a map and coloured prints / by the Rev. John Campbell».

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Michele Mitchell Gender, Imperialism and Global Exchanges


Gender, Imperialism and Global Exchanges presents a collection of original readings that address gendered dimensions of empire from a wide range of geographical and temporal settings. Draws on original research on gender and empire in relation to labour, commodities, fashion, politics, mobility, and visuality Includes coverage of gender issues from countries in Africa, the Americas, Europe, and Asia between the eighteenth to twentieth centuries Highlights a range of transnational and transregional connections across the globe Features innovative gender analyses of the circulation of people, ideas, and cultural practices

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John Campbell Travels in South Africa. Vol. 1


Полный вариант заголовка: «Travels in South Africa : Vol. 1 : undertaken at the request of the London Missionary sSciety : being a narrative of a second journey in the interior of that country : with a map and coloured prints / by the Rev. John Campbell».

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Korbinian Stinglhamer The effect of Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) on racial inequality in South Africa


Seminar paper from the year 2016 in the subject Economics - Case Scenarios, grade: 1,0, University of Wisconsin-Madison (Economics), course: Economics 477: Economic Development of Africa, language: English, abstract: This paper investigates the Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) program in South Africa and its economic justification by analyzing the trends in both, intra- and interracial inequality, since the implementation of BEE. Even though inequality is driven by many different factors, this paper attempts to analyze whether BEE was able to effectively reduce inequality in the way that it was intended. My findings suggest that BEE might have helped to reduce inequality between different races, but that it increased inequality among black people.During Apartheid, black people were excluded from major parts of South Africa's economy. This resulted in an unequal income distribution in South Africa. Even after Apartheid ended in 1994 income was distributed unequally between races. In order to reduce this inequality and equalize opportunities between the different races in South Africa, the government implemented an affirmative action program called Black Economic Empowerment (BEE) in 2003. In this case and in the following sections, the word "black" defines a racial group, including Africans, coloreds and Indians and can thus be used as synonym for "non-whites." BEE introduced a scorecard which rates companies based on their economic inclusion of black peopl...

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Ali A. Mazrui A Tale of Two Africas. Nigeria and South Africa as Contrasting Visions


Nigeria and South Africa provide the socioeconomic and political contrasts in the African condition. Some of these contrasts can be demonstrated in the following dialectics: Nigeria is the Africa of human resources, South Africa is a land of mineral resources; Nigeria is repellant to European settlement; South Africa is a magnet for such settlement; Nigeria is a mono-racial society, South Africa is a multiracial society; Nigeria is grappling with the politics of religion, South Africa's is pre-occupied with the politics of secularism; Nigeria is Africa's largest exporter of oil, South Africa is Africa's largest consumer of oil; Nigeria is a paradigm of indigenization, South Africa is a paragon of Westernization. Building on these contrasts, Professor Ali Mazrui, master of the dialectical approach to socio-political analysis, demonstrates how the two most influential countries between the Niger and the Cape of Good Hope are alternative faces of Africa. _______________________Professor Ali Mazrui needs no introduction to any student of African politics. Recently nominated as one of the 100 greatest living public intellectuals in the world by the Washington-based journal, Foreign Policy, Professor Mazrui is the author of more than twenty books and hundreds of articles published all over the world. He was the author and narrator of the highly regarded television series The Africans: A Triple Heritage (BBC/PBS, 1986). He is currently Director of the Institute of Global...

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Claude H Mayer Artificial Walls. South African Narratives on Conflict, Difference and Identity. An Exploratory Study in Post-Apartheid Africa


This book offers far-reaching insights into perceptions of conflict in South Africa. Claude-Hélène Mayer's approach is remarkable, because she imparts the recollections of numerous people from diverse ethnic and cultural backgrounds. The author captures the essence of about one-hundred interviews reflecting disparate attitudes towards social changes in the post-apartheid Republic of South Africa. Unexpected statements - for example, with respect to the continued existence of internalized apartheid - are carefully analyzed and hermeneutically understood. At the beginning of the research, presumptions might have raised expectations for the similarity between the narrative interviews. However, it becomes clear during the reading of this work that each interview was itself unique and each created a unique situation between the interviewer and the interviewee, inviting the reader to listen again and again to the spoken and analyzed words. The thorough, months-long field stays, from 1999 until 2004, emphasize the researcher's exhaustive effort better to understand the perspective of the interviewees. In addition to the book's research-related merits, its data can increase the cultural competence of those readers who are interested in information on specific predominant-cultural standards in present day South Africa. Readers can more fully appreciate how the people in South Africa live a special, dynamic form of their unmatched "unity in diversity."

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South Africa is the only African country with an asylum system where persecution on the grounds of gender is clearly recognised in the Refugee Act of 1998. However, it is unclear whether South African asylum determination officers are aware of that and to what extent this influences their decision

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African Asylum at a Crossroads (hardcover). African Asylum at a Crossroads: Activism, Expert Testimony, and Refugee Rights examines the emerging trend of requests for expert opinions in asylum hearings or refugee status determinations. This is the first book to explore the role of court-based expertise in relation to African asylum cases and ...

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Gender and Asylum Determination in South Africa, 978-3-8473-0319-0, South Africa is the only African country with an asylum system where persecution on the grounds of gender is clearly recognised in the Refugee Act of 1998. However, it is unclear whether South African asylum determination officers are aware of that and to what extent this ...

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Sally Peberdy Competition or Co-operation. South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg


Debates about international migration in South Africa often centre on the role of international migrant entrepreneurs who are seen to be more successful than their South African counterparts, squeezing them out of entrepreneurial spaces, particularly in townships. This report explores and compares the experiences of international and South African migrant entrepreneurs operating informal sector businesses in Johannesburg.

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Murray Baird Account for the polarisation of South African society between 1960 and 1964


Essay from the year 2007 in the subject History - World History - Modern History, grade: 1c, University of Stirling, course: Apartheid and Resistance in South Africa, 1948 - 1994, language: English, abstract: Apartheid and Resistance in South Africa, 1948 - 1994Any account of the polarisation of African society into distinct white and black polarities, on the right and left wings of the political spectrum respectively, between 1960 and 1964 must be considered in the light of pre-existing relationships between whites and non-whites in South Africa, which manifested themselves in microcosm with events at Sharpeville on 21 March 1960. Critical to the discussion will be the role played by the National Party government, particularly relating to the creation of the Republic of South Africa in 1961, withdrawal from the Commonwealth of Nations in the same year, the 1961 General Election and the government's racial policy. The function of the United Party, as the party of Official opposition, will also be scrutinised, together with the role of the Liberal Party and the Progressive Party. Analysis of the ideologies of the African resistance movements, including the African National Congress, with Umkhonto we Sizwe, and the Pan-Africanist Congress, with Poqo, will further reveal reasons for the adoption of extreme opposing attitudes. Moreover, these diametric attitudes were subjected to influence from, and response to, international events both within Africa and globally.

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Gil Loescher Refugees and the Asylum Dilemma in West


An examination of the historical background and contemporary significance of the asylum and refugee issue confronting Western governments that draws lessons for future policy-makingThis is the first study of the asylum-refugee problems to examine not only the history of policies of receiving nations in the West but also some of the underlying causes of refugee movements. Past studies of the asylum problem have focused narrowly on the conditions in receiving countries and have failed to see the global interconnectedness of the refugee problem. The authors argue that resolving the asylum problem in the West requires policymakers to direct their attention toward the conditions outside the industrialized countries that cause mass movements of populations as well as toward the improvement of their own asylum procedures.The present increase in the number of asylum-seekers and refugees is neither a temporary phenomenon nor a random product of chance events. It is the predictable consequence of fundamental political, demographic, economic, and ecological crises occurring throughout the Third World and Eastern Europe. However, Western governments did not until relatively recently envisage a large-scale movement of the poor countries northward to Western Europe and North America. Actual migratory pressures from the South and perceived threats of exodus from the East have only served to reinforce a restrictive attitude toward asylum. The refugee problem has reached such a critical point...

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Kevin Roy The Story of the Church in South Africa


From Calvinist to Catholic, from Charismatic to AmaZioni, the Rainbow Nation has one of the most colourful, variegated, and bewildering array of Christian churches in the world. Where on earth did they all come from? How did they develop? What do they believe? How are they related to one another?In this clear and readable history of Christianity in South Africa, Kevin Roy answers these questions with comprehensive, succinct and rigorous historical analysis with sympathy and honesty. Dr Roy does not shy away from the failures and sins of the participants in this story that intertwines with the history of the peoples and tribes in South Africa. This book is a testimony of divine love and patience in the midst of human folly and frailty, of successes and faithful service to God.

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Harvey C. Banda Migration from Malawi to South Africa. A Historical and Cultural Novel


Since the discovery and exploitation of minerals like gold, diamond and copper in South Africa, Zimbabwe and Zambia in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Malawi has played the role of a labour supplier. Malawians were attracted by the relatively higher wages obtaining in the South African mines up to the period of the decline in mine migrancy at the end of the 1980s. Following this decline, a cross-section of Malawians continued to emigrate to South Africa to seek various jobs in the burgeoning informal sector and also for trade purposes. Migration from Malawi to South Africa sheds light on the problems that labour migrants and traders encounter as they are ‘toing’ and ‘froing’ between Malawi and South Africa in pursuit of their respective goals. It shows that migration, which initially was exclusively done for wage employment, is becoming more complex by the day. This is a result of the infusion of elements of commercial migration, smuggling and human trafficking. The book advances the argument that the numbers of migrants to South Africa increased in the post-1994 period partly as a result of mal-administration by the successive democratically-elected governments in Malawi. This development weakened Malawi’s otherwise promising economy and impoverished the rural masses. The book ‘sees’ forlorn hope in the future of labour migrants and traders, unless the Malawi Government starts to genuinely have the welfare of the populace at heart! The book is relevant and...

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Артур Конан Дойл The War in South Africa, Its Cause and Conduct

Tobias Erbert The emerging black middle class in South Africa and its relation to democracy


Bachelor Thesis from the year 2013 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 1,3, Free University of Berlin, language: English, abstract: 19 years after the promising democratic change in South Africa, the countrieschallenges and disparities remain ubiquitous. The huge majority of black South Africansstill lives in poverty, inequality has grown since the end of apartheid, service delivery isa permanent problem and democratic institutions are at least partly weak (Holden2012: 95).However, the new South Africa is not only signified by the aggravation of disparities.Over the last years, the emergence of a black middle class became steadily moretangible and is today a mostly undisputed phenomenon (Schrire 2005: 271; Southall2004: 539; Everatt 2011: 79). Some research has been conducted especially todetermine definition criteria and the size of a black middle class (Rivero et al. 2003;Southall 2004; Visagie, Posel 2011; Phadi, Ceruti 2011). The total middle class in SouthAfrica included 29% black South Africans in 1994, while until 2011, their share hadgrown to 49.8% of the total middle class (Holden 2012: 226-227). In absolute numbers,the black middle class made up five million people in 2011 (Visagie, Posel 2011: 8, 17)while South Africa had a total black population of around 41 million people (StatisticsSA 2011). Hence, approximately 8.2% of the black population group belongs to theblack middle class.Although there is research discussing the size...

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Joachim von Meien English in South Africa


Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,5, University of Hannover (Philosophische Fakultät), course: Hauptseminar: English in Africa, 23 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: English came to South Africa through colonization by the end of the 18th century. Around 200 years later it is widely spoken in Africa's most southern country although it is not the sole official language. It equally shares that status together with Afrikaans and nine African indigenous languages - at least in theory. This paper is supposed to characterize the development and current status of the English language in South Africa. The multicultural state has an eventful and dramatic history. It is important to outline and explain that varied history in this linguistic paper because it had a major effect on language spread and development in South Africa, which has since the arrival of the Europeans never been completely linguistically homogenous. English in South Africa can not be understood without taking a closer look at more than 300 years of eventful history. Chapter two is going to give an overview of that history referring thereby to different recognized historians and their works.After that there will be a closer look at the status of English in today's South African society. The next chapter has three different focuses. It will take a closer look at the governmental policy of multilingualism and it...

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Abigail George The Scholarship Girl. Life Writing


Pushcart Prize nominated Abigail George is a South African blogger at Goodreads, essayist, poet, playwright, short story writer and novelist. She briefly studied film at the Newtown Film and Television School in Johannesburg. Her writing has appeared in many anthologies in South Africa and online in e-zines across Africa, Asia, Europe, and the United States. She is the recipient of writing grants from the National Arts Council in Johannesburg, the Centre for the Book in Cape Town and ECPACC (Eastern Cape Provincial Arts and Culture Council) in East London.

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Dr. Mark ODoherty A Country without Leadership - Social Political Challenges facing South Africa after Nelson Mandelas Death


This evidence-based research study explores social and political challenges in South Africa, such as public safety, public health, poverty and ethnic tensions in the country. The other main theme of this volume is if and how Nelson Mandella's legacy of a just peace can be upheld in South Africa, and how previously unrecognized or infrequently considered social-political challenges, such as the radical left-wing elements in the ANC government, violent crimes caused by poverty, HIV, as well as the conflict between mainstream medicine and traditional medicine in South Africa, can be overcome. The observations and interpretations in this volume are supported by a qualitative research study, that included observational studies, participating observation, field research and inter-cultural communication.Additionally this book contains autobiographical accounts of a deeply profound and humorous nature, emphasizing the strong bond of empathy which the author shares with his homeland, South Africa.

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John Philip Researches in South Africa. Vol. 1


Полный вариант заголовка: «Researches in South Africa : Vol. 1 : illustrating the civil, moral, and religious condition of the native tribes : including journal of the authors travels in the interior : together with detailed accounts of the progress of the Christian missions, exhibiting the influence of Christianity in promoting civilization : in 2 volumes / by the Rev. John Philip».

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John Philip Researches in South Africa. Vol. 2


Полный вариант заголовка: «Researches in South Africa : Vol. 2 : illustrating the civil, moral, and religious condition of the native tribes : including journals of the authors travels in the interior : together with detailed accounts of the progress of the Christian missions, exhibiting the influence of Christianity in promoting civilization : in 2 volumes / by the Rev. John Philip».

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Richard Robertson South A Right to Board Vessels


South Africa has a number of laws which authorise law enforcement agencies and other government departments to exercise the right to board vessels.Besides these laws,in practice there is confusion between departments of who actually has the authority to board a vessel.There is also reluctance from higher authority,due to either a lack of understanding of the law or hesitancy to upset foreign relations,to exercise South Africa's right to board vessels and protect it sovereignty. 'South Africa has an important role within the international community of seafarers to ensure safe passage in and around our waters,in doing so,the country has to also exercise its right to protect its waters and have to be aware of the fine line between innocent passage and not so innocent passage, which some coastal countries over step,running the risk of hampering international trade to their own country'. The analysis covered in this book should shed some light on what right South Africa has to board vessels and should be useful to any company's vessels passing in and around South African waters as well as help South African authorities understand their own law.

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Talkmore Chidede Legal Protection of Foreign Direct Investment. A Critical Assessment with Focus on South Africa and Zimbabwe


This study undertakes a critical assessment of the legal protection of foreign direct investments (FDI) in South Africa and Zimbabwe by determining their compliance with the international minimum standards, norms and/or best practices on the legal protection of FDI by host states. Firstly, the study argues that foreign investment is much needed in South Africa and Zimbabwe to improve economic growth and development, to create jobs, and to increase their competitiveness. However, these benefits are not accrued automatically but rather host states need to create an enabling environment to receive such benefits. Thus, host states need to put an investment scheme into operation to guarantee the legal protection of foreign investments. South Africa and Zimbabwe have at large crafted and implemented investment laws and related policies which tend to be hostile towards foreign investments. Therefore, similar investment laws and related policies in both jurisdictions are analysed. This study will also offer recommendations for a legal investment which is not only flexible, friendly, and favourable to foreign investment in South Africa and Zimbabwe but also advances their local economic policies.

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Judy Westwater Nowhere to Run: Where do you go when there’s nowhere left hide?


Just when Judy thought the nightmare was over her past came back to haunt her.Judy was only 11 years old when she was forced to live on the streets. Beaten, half-starved and horrifically abused, she finally escaped to a life in the circus. But the charming man who said he loved her had a dark and sinister side. If she wanted to survive she had to get away.Judy fled to South Africa, taking with her her two young children. But the streets of South Africa were just as cruel. One day they took her daughter and her past was replayed in front of her eyes.Judys incredible story of courage and determination will inspire as it will amaze.

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Jonathan Crush, Caroline Skinner, Manal Stulgaitis Rendering South Africa Undesirable. A Critique of Refugee and Informal Sector Policy


To understand the policy environment within which refugees establish and operate their enterprises in South Africa’s informal sector, this report brings together two streams of policy analysis. The first concerns the changing refugee policies and the erosion of the progressive approach that characterized the immediate post-apartheid period. The second concerns the informal sector policy, which oscillates between tolerance and attempted destruction at national and municipal levels. While there have been longstanding tensions between foreign and South African informal sector operators, an overtly anti-foreign migrant sentiment has increasingly been expressed in official policy and practice.This report describes the strategies being used to turn South Africa into an undesirable destination for refugees, including the setting up of additional procedural, administrative and logistical hurdles; the undercutting of court judgments affirming the right of asylum-seekers and refugees to employment and self-employment; ensuring that protection is always temporary by making it extremely difficult for refugees to progress to permanent residence and eventual citizenship; and restricting opportunities to pursue a livelihood in the informal sector. The authors conclude that the protection of refugee rights is likely to continue to depend on a cohort of non-governmental organizations prioritizing migrant livelihood rights and being willing and able to pursue time-consuming and costly litigati...

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Ngema Nqobizwe Mvelo Regulation of Polygamy. A South African Perspective


This is the specialized textbook for postgraduate students, researchers and legal practitioners that have an interest in African customary law. It aims at providing a comprehensive overview of polygamy and its underlying philosophy.it was partly motivated by the concluding observations of CEDAW (that advocate for the abolition of polygamy. South Africa is a signatory of CEDAW and it permits polygyny through the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 that came into effect in 15 November year 2000. The book discusses regulation of polygyny before 1994 in South Africa and ills that were created by its non-recognition, and the regulation of polygyny after 1994. In the year 2013 the Constitutional Court delivered a judgment on polygyny and that judgment has a significant effect on the future of polygyny in new South African legal order. This book makes it clear that the latter mentioned decision of the Constitutional Court is not free from some implications. It is argued that South Africa tried by all means to harmonize the practice of polygyny with the Constitution that protects and promotes human rights philosophy and South Africa is unlikely to adhere to CEDAW's call.

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Dr. Mark ODoherty The Legacy of Jacob Zuma and the African National Congress in South Africa - A One-Party State facilitating Anarchy, Cruelty Disregard for Human Life


This is an evidence-based study about Nelson Mandela's legacy of peace and reconciliation - which is increasingly in danger of being eroded away by the ANC government. Bad governance by the ANC, such as the dismantling of the South African Commando System, has created a vacuum in the rural safety plan, leading to the escalating level of murders that have become part of the status quo in South Africa: An average of 49 murders a day in the country, and only an 11% conviction rate - the ANC government having a nonchalant attitude towards this situation in South Africa, thereby not only tolerating crime and cruelty, but also vigilante justice and anarchy.Tribalism, racial tensions, lack of family planning and poverty are also explored in this volume; the author offering suggestions how to overcome these challenges. Critical, but also deeply sensitive and humane, this book endeavours to improve public policy in South Africa, so that a positive collective consciousness can be manifested within the country.

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